Scientific and objective procedure for assessing the energy and environmental loads related to the analyzed system, carried out through the identification of energy resources, materials used and waste released into the environment throughout the product’s life cycle in a “cradle-to-cradle” perspective. The LCA methodology finds its origins in the 1970s as a development of energy analysis, where purely energy-related variables are integrated with typically environmental ones. Energy variables are integrated with typically environmental ones throughout the entire life cycle. Currently, ISO 14040 and 14044 represent the international standard to which every analyst refers to and, if necessary, have each LCA study verified.
CONAI (Consorzio Nazionale Imballaggi), “Guidelines for the facilitation of plastic packaging recycling activities“, updated 20-12-2018, taken from: www.progettarericiclo.com